Happy day of Andalusia!

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The Day of Andalusia is celebrated February 28 and commemorates the February 28, 1980 referendum on the Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia, in which the Andalusian electorate voted for the statute that made Andalusia an autonomous community of Spain.

In many municipalities and cities of Andalusia, people decorate their balconies with the flag of Andalusia and with bunting echoing its green-and-white bars. Cultural competitions are often held in conjunction with the day. The Friday before is often a day of celebration in schools with a traditional Andalusian breakfast, consisting of a slice of toast with a thin layer of olive oil and orange juice; students color pictures that refer to the symbols and insignia of Andalusia, its history and customs, put on plays and sing the regional anthem, the Himno de Andalucía.

These are the main symbols of our region:

Andalusian Flag

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 The official flag of Andalusia consists of three equal horizontal stripes, colored green, white, and green respectively; the Andalusian coat of arms is superimposed on the central stripe. Its design was overseen by Blas Infante. The green symbolizes hope and union, and the white symbolizes peace and dialogue. Blas Infante considered these to have been the colors most used in regional symbols throughout the region’s history. According to him, the green came in particular from the standard of the Umayyad Caliphate and represented the call for a gathering of the populace. The white symbolized pardon in the Almohad dynasty, interpreted in European heraldry as parliament or peace.

 Andalusian coat of arms

andalucia-ensign

The Andalusian coat of arms shows the figure of Hercules and two lions between the two pillars of Hercules that tradition situates on either side of the Strait of Gibraltar. An inscription below, superimposed on an image of the flag of Andalusia reads Andalucía por sí, para España y la Humanidad (“Andalusia by herself, for Spain and Humanity”). Over the two columns is a semicircular arch in the colors of the flag of Andalusia, with the Latin words Dominator Hercules Fundator superimposed.

 

Andalusian Regional Anthem  /  Himno de Andalucía

The green and white flag                                                            La bandera blanca y verde
returns, after centuries of war                                             vuelve, tras siglos de guerra,
to say peace and hope                                                                      a decir paz y esperanza,
under the sun of our land                                                        bajo el sol de nuestra tierra.

Andalusians, rise!                                                                             ¡Andaluces, levantaos!
Demand land and freedom!                                                            ¡Pedid tierra y libertad!
May Andalusia be free!                                                                 ¡Sea por Andalucía libre,
Spain and all Mankind!                                                                 España y la Humanidad!

We Andalusians want                                                                  Los andaluces queremos
to return to what we were                                                        volver a ser lo que fuimos
Men of light, that gave                                            hombres de luz, que a los hombres,
to men manly spirit.                                                             alma de hombres les dimos.

Andalusians, rise!                                                                            ¡Andaluces, levantaos!
Demand land and freedom!                                                           ¡Pedid tierra y libertad!
May Andalusia be free!                                                                ¡Sea por Andalucía libre,
Spain and all Mankind!                                                                España y la Humanidad!

One last advice, please hurry up to visit the paradise on Earth, the sunny land of Andalusia!

 

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